Member, Monell Chemical Senses Center
Ph.D., Experimental Psychology; New York University
M.P.H. (Public Health); Drexel University
My research attempts to broadly understand how cognitive and emotional processes modify the way we perceive odor and sensory irritation from volatile chemicals. One approach involves examining the associations and disassociations between subjective (self-report) and objective markers of irritation (e.g., ocular inflammation, nasal blood flow, respiratory patterns) resulting from chemical exposure. Another line of investigation examines the relationship between exposure frequency, adaptation and clinical sequelae from exposure to airborne chemicals, both in the laboratory and in occupational and community settings. In a related effort, modeling how odorant transport factors (e.g., physico-chemical characteristics of the odorant, nasal airflow, inflammatory changes) affect these processes can provide additional insight into variation in olfactory perception among the population.Detailed description of research program
olfaction, sensory irritation, environment, volatiles, cognition, emotion, symptom perception, occupational exposure
Dalton, P.; Doty, R.L.; Murphy, C.; Frank, R.; et al. (In press) Olfactory Assessment Using the NIH Toolbox. Neurology.
Wise, P.M.; Breslin, P.A.S.; Dalton, P. (2012) Sweet taste and menthol increase cough reflex thresholds. Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 25, 236-241.
Miller, S.; Gordon, A.; Olsson, M.; Lundstrom, J.; Dalton, P. (2012) Mind over age- Stereotype activation and olfactory function. Chemical Senses, 38, 167-174.
Dalton, P. (2012) There’s something in the air: Effects of beliefs and expectations on response to environmental odors. In: Zucco, G.M.; Herz, R.S.; Schaal, B. (Eds.) Essays in Olfactory Cognition: Advances in Consciousness Research, Amsterdam, Holland: John Benjamins.
Dalton, P.; Caraway, E.; Gibb., H.; Fulcher, K. (2011) A multi-year field olfactometry study near a concentrated animal feeding operation. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 61, 1398-1408.
Dalton, P.; Mennella, J.A.; Maute, C.; Castor, S.M.; Silva-Garcia, A.; Slotkin, J.; Grindle, C.R.; Parkes, W.; Pribitkin, E.A.; Reilly, J.S. (2011) Development of a test to evaluate olfactory function in a pediatric population. Laryngoscope, 9, 1843-1850.
Dalton, P. (2010) Olfactory toxicity in humans and experimental animals. Toxicology of the Nose and Upper Airways, 15, 215-241.
Dalton, P.; Jaen, C. (2010) Responses to odors in occupational environments. Current Opinions in Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 10, 127-132.
Dalton, P.; Mennella, J.A.; Cowart, B.J.; Maute, C.; Pribitkin, E.A.; Reilly, J.S. (2009) Evaluating the prevalence of olfactory dysfunction in a pediatric population. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1170, 537-542.
Ozdener, M.H.; Yee, K.K.; McDermott, R.; Cowart, B.; Vainius, A.A.; Dalton, P.; Rawson, N. (2009) Assessment of smoking status based on cotinine levels in nasal lavage fluid. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 5, 11.
Dalton, P.; Maute, C.; Oshida, A.; Hikichi, S.; Izumi, Y. (2008) The use of semantic differential scaling to define the multi-dimensional representation of odors. Journal of Sensory Studies, 23, 485-497.
Gallagher, M.; Dalton, P.; Sitvarin. L.; Preti, G. (2008) Sensory and analytical evaluation of paints with and without texanol. Environmental Science & Technology, 42, 243-248.
Petrova, M.; Diamond, J.; Shuster, B.; Dalton, P. (2008) Evaluation of trigeminal sensitivity to ammonia in asthmatics and healthy human volunteers. Inhalation Toxicology, 20, 1085-1092.